黃國禎2007-9-27

 

Gwo-Jen Hwang

Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences

Chair Professor, Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and Education

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology

43, Sec.4, Keelung Rd., Taipei, 106, Taiwan

E-mail: gjhwang.academic@gmail.com

http://www.idlslab.net

 

 

Dr. Gwo-Jen Hwang is currently a Chair Professor at the National Taiwan University of Science and Technology. He is also Dean of College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences at the university. He received his Ph.D. degree in Computer Science and Information Engineering from the National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan in 1991. Dr Hwang serves as an editorial board member and a reviewer for more than 30 academic journals of educational technology and e-learning. He has also been the principal investigator of more than 100 research projects funded by Ministry of Science and Technology as well as Ministry of Education in Taiwan. His research interests include mobile and ubiquitous learning, flipped learning, digital game-based learning, and artificial intelligence in education. He defined the term “seamless flipped learning” as “mobile technology-enhanced flipped classroom with effective learning strategies.” Since 2013, he is in charge of a national mobile learning promotion program in Taiwan to assist high school teachers to develop teaching plans using mobile technologies. Flipped learning is one of the adopted learning strategies in the program.

Dr. Hwang has published more than 550 academic papers, including more than 250 journal papers and 300 conference papers. Among those publications, more than 150 papers are published in SSCI journals. Owing to the reputation in academic research and innovative inventions in e-learning, he received the annual most Outstanding Researcher Award from the National Science Council of Taiwan in the years of 2007, 2010 and 2013. Moreover, in 2016, he was announced by Times Higher Education as being the most prolific and cited researcher in the world in the field of social sciences (https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/ten-most-prolific-and-most-cited-researchers).

 

CURRENT POSITION

Chair Professor, Chair Professor, Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and Education

Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology

Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions on Learning Technology (SSCI)

Editor in Chief, International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation (Scopus)

Editor in Chief, Journal of Computers in Education (ESCI)

Editor in Chief, The Open Cybernetics and Systemics Journal (Scopus)

 

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND

Ph.D., 1991, National Cho Tung University, Department of Computer and Information Engineering

B.S., 1985, National Cho Tung University, Department of Computer and Information Engineering

 

ACADEMIC EXPERIENCES

Dean, College of Science and Engineering, National University of Tainan, Taiwan

Chair, Institute of Computer and Education, National University of Tainan, Taiwan

Director, Computer and Network Center, National Chi Nan University, Taiwan

REVIEWER/EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBER

Computers & Education (SSCI)

Educational Technology Research & Development (SSCI)

Journal of Computer-Assisted Learning (SSCI)

Educational Technology and Society (SSCI)

British Journal of Educational Technology (SSCI)

Innovations in Education and Teaching International (SSCI)

Interactive Learning Environments (SSCI)

The Internet and Higher Education (SSCI)

Australasian Journal of Educational Technology (SSCI)

The Electronic Library (SSCI)

Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (SSCI)

Interacting with Computers (SSCI)

Journal of Information Science (SSCI)

CyberPsychology and Behavior (SSCI)

The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher (SSCI)

International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education (SSCI)

The Journal of General Psychology (SSCI)

IEEE Transactions on Education (SCI, EI)

Journal of Distance Education Technologies (EI)

IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies (SSCI)

Educational Research and Reviews

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A (SCI, EI)

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part B (SCI, EI)

IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems (SCI, EI)

ACM Transactions on Internet Technologies (SCI, EI)

IEEE Software (SCI, EI)

Information Sciences (SCI)

International Journal of Knowledge-Based Intelligent Engineering Systems (SCI Expanded, EI)

Decision Support Systems (SCI Expanded)

Journal of Information Science and Engineering (SCI Expanded, EI)

Computer Communications (SCI Expanded, EI)

Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking (EI)

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine (SCI, EI)

International Journal of Fuzzy Systems (EI)

Software Practice and Experience (EI)

Journal of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery (SCI)

International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation (Scopus)

International Journal of Operations Research

International Journal of Electronic Business Management

Campus-Wide Information Systems

Asian Journal of Health and Information Sciences

Transactions on Internet Research

Open Information Systems Journal

The Open Education Journal

The Open Cybernetics and Systematic Journal (EI)

Global Chinese Journal on Computers in Education

Educational Research International

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Mobile and ubiquitous learning, digital game-based learning, web-based learning, artificial intelligence in education

 

HONORS AND AWARDS

l   Keynote speaker, International Workshop on Mobile and Ubiquitous Learning Environments, 2008/3/26 (Japan)

l   Keynote speaker, IEEE 2nd International Asia Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (CAR 2010) (March 6-7, 2010; Wuhan, China)

l   Keynote speaker, IEEE WMUTE 2010 (6th International Conference on Wireless, Mobile and Ubiquitous Technologies in Education) (April 12-16, 2010; Kaohsiung, Taiwan)

l   Invited speaker, International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2009) (December 2, 2009; Hong Kong)

l   Keynote speaker, The 10th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2011, October 18-21, 2011; Beijing, China)

l   Keynote speaker, IEEE International Conference on Technology for Education 2012 (T4E 2012) (July 18-20, 2012; Hyderabad, India)

l   Keynote speaker, the 2012 International Conference on Innovation in Education (ICIE2012) (November 7-9, 2012; Bangkok, Thailand)

l   Keynote speaker, IIAI 2013 International Conference on Learning Technology and Learning Environments (August 31 - September 4, 2013, Matsue, Japan)

l   Keynote speaker, The 2nd International Conference of Science Educators and Teachers (ISET 2014), 2014/7/16-18 (Phuket, Thailand). Keynote speaker, The 15th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning (ICALT 2015), July 6-9, 2015, Hualien, Taiwan

l   Keynote speaker, The 14th International Forum on Educational Technology (IFET2015), 2015/9-26-28, Xian, China.

l   Keynote speaker, The Forth International Conference of Educational Innovation through Technology (EITT2015), 2015/10/17-18, Wuhan, China.

l   Keynote speaker, The 1st Soochow-Taiwan Forum on Elementary Education Development, 2015/11/25-29Soochow, China.

l   Keynote speaker, The 1st International Workshop on Learning Environment and Educational Technology (LEET2017), Kobe, Japan, August 23-26, 2017

l   Keynote speaker, The 3rd Thailand Symposium of Scholarship of Teaching and Leaning (SOTL), Khon Kaen, Thailand, March 9-11, 2017.

l   Distinguished Professor Lecture, 2017 International Conference on Open and Innovative Education (ICOIE 2017),12–14 July 2017, OUHK’s Jockey Club Campus, Hong Kong.

l   Keynote speech, The 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education (ICIE), 24- 25, November 2017, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

l   Keynote speech, The International Conference on Technology in Education 2018, 9-11 January 2018, Caritas Institute of Higher Education, Hong Kong.

 

l   Outstanding Research Award, National Science Council, Taiwan (2007)

l   Outstanding Research Award, National Science Council, Taiwan (2010)

l   2009 Top-10 most frequently cited paper announced by Computers & Education (SSC)

l   2010-2011 Highly cited paper award by ISI (six papers)

l   Best papers award in several international conferences (GCCCE 2009, GCCCE 2010, GCCE 2011, GCCIL 2011, LTLE 2012, ICIE 2012)

l   2011 Top Cited Article Award by Innovations in Education and Teaching International (SSCI)

l   2011 Highly Commended Paper Award by Electronic Library (SSCI)

l   Outstanding Research Award, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (2013)

l   2013-2016: #3 researcher in the world in the field of education ranked by Scopus in term of number of publications.

l   2013-2016: #1 researcher in the world in field of education ranked by Scopus in term of number of citations.

l   2016, #1 prolific and cited researcher in the world in the field of social sciences announced by Times Higher Education.

 

 

SELECTED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

(*Corresponding author)

1.           Lin, H. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (in press). Research trends of flipped classroom studies for medical courses: a review of journal publications from 2008 to 2017 based on the Technology-Enhanced Learning Model. Interactive Learning Environments. (SSCI)

2.           Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., & Chen, S. F. (in press). Effects of embedding a problem-posing-based learning guiding strategy into interactive e-books on students’ learning performance and higher order thinking tendency. Interactive Learning Environments. (SSCI)

3.           Hwang*, G. J., Spikol, D., & Li, K. C. (2018). Guest editorial: trends and research issues of learning analytics and educational big data. Educational Technology & Society, 21(2), 134-136. (SSCI)

4.           Fu, Q. K., & Hwang*, G. J. (2018). Trends in mobile technology-supported collaborative learning: A systematic review of journal publications from 2007 to 2016. Computers & Education, 119, 129-143. (SSCI)

5.           Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J., & Tu, Y. H. (2018). The effects of computer-supported self-regulation in science inquiry on learning outcomes, learning processes, and self-efficacy. Educational Technology Research & Development. doi: 10.1007/s11423-018-9585-y (SSCI)

6.           Lee, S. Y., Wang, T. J., Hwang*, G. J., Chang, S. C. (2018). Effects of the use of interactive e-books by intensive care unit patients' family members: anxiety, learning performances and perceptions. British Journal of Ecuational Technology. doi: 10.1111/bjet.12611 (SSCI)

7.           Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., Wu, P. H., & Lin, D. C. (2017). Facilitating deep-strategy behaviors and positive learning performances in science inquiry activities with a 3D experiential gaming approach. Interactive Learning Environments. doi: 10.1080/10494820.2018.1437049 (SSCI)

8.           Hwang*, G. J., Chang, S. C., & Chen, X. Y., Chen, P. Y. (2018). Effects of integrating an active learning-promoting mechanism into location-based real-world learning environments on students’ learning performances and behaviors. Educational Technology Research & Development, 66(2), 451-474. (SSCI)

9.           Tu, Y. F., & Hwang*, G. J. (in press). Trends of library-associated mobile learning: a review of academic studies published in 2007 to 2016. The Electronic Library. (SSCI)

10.        Lin. C. J., & Hwang*, G. J. (2018). A learning analytics approach to investigating factors affecting EFL students' oral performance in a flipped classroom. Educational Technology & Society, 21(2), 205-219. (SSCI)

11.        Sun, Jerry C. Y, Hwang, G. J., Lin, Y. Y., Yu, S. J., Pan, L. C., & Chen, Ariel Y. Z. (2018). A votable concept mapping approach to promoting students’ attentional behavior: An analysis of sequential behavioral patterns and brainwave data. Educational Technology & Society, 21(2), 177-191. (SSCI)

12.        Hwang, G. J., Hsu, T. C., & Hsieh, Y. H. (in press). Impacts of Different Smartphone Caption/Subtitle Mechanisms on English Listening Performance and Perceptions of Students with Different Learning Styles. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction. (SSCI)

13.        Hwang*, G. J., Tu, N. T., & Wang, X. M. (2018). Creating interactive e-books through learning by design: the impacts of guided peer-feedback on students’ learning achievements and project outcomes in science courses. Educational Technology & Society, 21(1), 25-36. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

14.  Tu, Y. F., & Hwang*, G. J. (2018). The roles of sensing technologies and learning strategies in library-associated mobile learning: a review of 2007-2016 journal publications. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 12(1), 42-54.

15.        Chang, C. Y., Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2018). Trends and research issues of mobile learning studies in nursing education: a review of academic publications from 1971 to 2016. Computers & Education,116, 28-48. (SSCI) Project#: MOST-105- 2511-S-011 -008 -MY3.

16.           Chu, H. C., Chen, J. M., Hwang*, G. J., & Chen, T. W. (2017). Effects of formative assessment in an augmented reality approach to conducting ubiquitous learning activities for architecture courses. Universal Access in the Information Society. doi: 10.1007/s10209-017-0588-y. (SSCI)

17.        Wang, X. M., & Hwang*, G. J. (2017). A problem posing-based practicing strategy for facilitating students’ computer programming skills in the team-based learning mode. Educational Technology Research & Development, 65, 1655-1671. (SSCI)

18.        Liu, G. Z., Chen, J. Y., & Hwang*, G. J. (2018). Mobile-based collaborative learning in the fitness center: a case study on the development of English listening comprehension with a context-aware application. British Journal of Educational Technology, 49(2), 305-320. (SSCI) Project#: MOST 102–2511-S-006-005-MY3 & MOST 105–2511-S-006-006- MY3.

19.        Hwang*, G. J., Lai, C. L., Liang, J. C., Chu, H. C., & Tsai, C. C. (2018). A long-term experiment to investigate the relationships between high school students' perceptions of mobile learning and peer interaction and higher-order thinking tendencies. Educational Technology Research & Development, 66(1), 75-93. (SSCI)

20.        Wang, S. Y., Chang, S. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Chen, P. Y. (2018). A microworld-based role-playing game development approach to engaging students in interactive, enjoyable and effective mathematics learning. Interactive Learning Environments, 26(3), 411-423. (SSCI) Project#: MOST-105-2511-S-011-008-MY3.

21.        Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., Lin, C. J., & Hong, T. W. (2017). Experiencing the analects of Confucius: an experiential game-based learning approach to promoting students’ motivation and conception of learning. Computers & Education, 110, 143-153. (SSCI) Project#: MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2 and MOST-105-2511-S-011 -008 -MY3.

22.        Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Yang, M. L., & Chen, C. H. (2018). Impacts of integrating the repertory grid into an augmented reality-based learning design on students’ learning achievements, cognitive load and degree of satisfaction. Interactive Learning Environments, 26(2), 221-234. (SSCI)

23.        Sung, H. Y., & Hwang*, G. J. (2018). Facilitating effective digital game-based learning behaviors and learning performances of students based on a collaborative knowledge construction strategy. Interactive Learning Environments, 26(1), 118-134. (SSCI)

24.           Wang, X. M., Hwang*, G. J., Liang, Z. Y., & Wang, H, Y (2017). Enhancing students’ computer programming performances, critical thinking awareness and attitudes towards programming: an online peer-assessment attempt. Educational Technology & Society, 20(4), 58-68. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

25.           Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., & Lai, C. L. (2017). Prepare your own device and determination (PYOD): a successfully promoted mobile learning mode in Taiwan. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 11(2), 87-107.

26.  Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., & Yin, C. J. (2017). Objectives, methodologies and research issues of learning analytics. Interactive Learning Environments, 25(2), 143-146. (SSCI)

27.        Hwang*, G. J., Hsu, T. C., Lai, C. L., & Hsueh, C. J. (2017). Interaction of problem-based gaming and learning anxiety in language students' English listening performance and progressive behavioral patterns. Computers & Education, 106, 26-42. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

28.        Hwang*, G. J., & Wang, S. Y. (2016). Single loop or double loop learning: English vocabulary learning performance and behavior of students in situated computer games with different guiding strategies. Computers & Education, 102, 188-201. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-001-MY2.

29.        Wongwatkit, C., Srisawasdi, N., Hwang, G. J., & Panjaburee, P. (2017). Influence of an integrated learning diagnosis and formative assessment-based personalized web learning approach on students learning performances and perceptions. Interactive Learning Environments, 25(7), 889-903. (SSCI)

30.        Hwang*, G. J., & Lai, C. L. (2017). Facilitating and bridging out-of-class and in-class learning: an interactive e-book-based flipped learning approach for math courses. Educational Technology & Society, 20(1), 184-197. (SSCI) Project#: MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2 and MOST-105-2511-S-011 -008 -MY3.

31.        Hwang*, G. J., Sung, H. Y., & Chang, H. (2017). Effects of concept-mapping-based interactive e-books on active and reflective-style students’ learning performances in junior high school law courses. Interactive Learning Environments, 25(7) 877-888. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

32.  Chang, S. C., Wang, S. Y., & Hwang, G. J. (2016). A repertory grid-based interactive e-book approach to supporting in-field mobile learning activities in an ecology course. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 10(3), 171-186. Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

33.        Liu, G. Z., Liu, T. C., Lin, C. C., Kuo, Y. L., & Hwang, G. J. (2016). Identifying learning features and models for ubiquitous learning with phenomenological research method. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 10(4), 238-262.

34.        Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2016). A self-regulated flipped classroom approach to improving students’ learning performance in a mathematics courses. Computers & Education, 100, 126-140. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

35.        Hsu, T. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (2017). Effects of a structured resource-based web issue-quest approach on students’ learning performances in computer programming courses. Educational Technology & Society, 20(3), 82–94. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 105- 2628-S-003-002-MY3, MOST 103-2628-S-003-003-MY2, and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

36.        Yang, T. C., Fu, H. T., Hwang*, G. J., & Yang, Stephen J. H (2017). Development of an interactive mathematics learning system based on a two-tier test diagnostic and guiding strategy. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 33(1), 62-80. (SSCI)

37.        Hwang, G. J., & Chen, C. H. (2016). Influences of an inquiry-based ubiquitous gaming design on students’ learning achievements, motivation, behavioral patterns, and tendency towards critical thinking and problem solving. British Journal of Educational Technology,48(4), 950-971. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011- 001-MY2.

38.        Chen, C. H., & Hwang*, G. J. (2017). Effects of the team competition-based ubiquitous gaming approach on students’ interactive patterns, collective efficacy and awareness of collaboration and communication. Educational Technology & Society, 20(1), 87-98. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

39.        Hsia, L. H., Huang, I., & Hwang*, G. J. (2016). Effects of different online peer-feedback approaches on students’ performance skills, motivation and self-efficacy in a dance course. Computers & Education, 96, 55-71. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 104-2511-S-024-004 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

40.        Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J., Liang, J. C., & Tsai, C. C. (2016). Differences between mobile learning environmental preferences of high school teachers and students in Taiwan: a structural equation model analysis. Educational Technology Research & Development, 64(3), 533-554. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

41.        Wang, H. Y., Liu, G. Z., & Hwang*, G. J. (2017). Integrating socio-cultural contexts and location-based systems for ubiquitous language learning in museums: A state of the art review of 2009-2014. British Journal of Educational Technology, 48(2) 653-671. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3, NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-006-005-MY3.

42.        Chang, S. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (2017). Development of an effective educational computer game based on a mission synchronization-based peer-assistance approach. Interactive Learning Environments, 25(5), 667-681. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

43.        Wang, H. Y., Huang, I, & Hwang*, G. J. (2016). Effects of a question prompt-based concept mapping approach on students' learning achievements, attitudes and 5C competences in project-based computer course activities. Educational Technology & Society, 19(3), 351-364. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 –MY3 and MOST 104-2511-S-011-001-MY2.

44.        Hsu, T. Y, Chiou, C. K., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang, G. J., (2016). Development and evaluation of an active learning support system for context-aware ubiquitous learning. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 9(1), 37-45. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102–2511-S-216–002-MY3.

45.        Hwang*, G. J., Wu, P. H., Chen, C. C., & Tu, N. T. (2016). Effects of an augmented reality-based educational game on students’ learning achievements and attitudes in real-world observations. Interactive Learning environments, 24(8), 1895-1906. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3, NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3 and NSC 102-2511- S-003-055-MY2.

46.        Chookaew, S., Wanichsan, D., Hwang, G. J., & Panjaburee, P. (2015). Effects of a personalized ubiquitous learning support system on university students’ learning performance and attitudes in computer-programming courses. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 9 (3), 240-257.

47.        Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2015). High school teachers’ perspectives on applying different mobile learning strategies to science courses: the national mobile learning program in Taiwan. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 9(2), 124-145.

48.        Hwang*, G. J., & Chang, S. C. (2016). Effects of a peer competition-based mobile learning approach on students’ affective domain exhibition in social studies courses. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(6), 1217-1231. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

49.        Wang, H. Y., Huang, I, & Hwang*, G. J. (2015). Comparison of the effects of project-based computer programming activities between mathematics gifted students and average students. Journal of Computers in Education, 3(1), 33–45.

50.        Yang, T. C., Hwang, G. J., Yang, S. J., & Hwang, G. H. (2015) A two-tier test-based approach to Improving students’ computer-programming skills in a web-based learning environment. Education Technology & Society, 18(1), 198-210. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

51.        Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2015). An interactive peer-assessment criteria development approach to improving students’ art design performance using handheld devices. Computers & Education, 85, 149-159. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 & NSC 100-2631-S-011-003.

52.        Hwang*, G. J., Wang, S. Y., & Lai, C. L. (2015). Seamless flipped learning- a mobile technology-enhanced flipped classroom with effective learning strategies. Journal of Computers in Education, 2(4), 449-473.

53.        Zheng, L, Huang, R., Hwang, G. J., & Yang, K. (2015). Measuring knowledge elaboration based on a computer-assisted knowledge map analytical approach to collaborative learning. Education Technology & Society, 18(1), 321-336. (SSCI)

54.        Chen, C. H, Liu, G. Z., & Hwang*, G. J. (2016). Interaction between gaming and multistage guiding strategies on students' field trip mobile learning performance and motivation. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(6), 1032-1050. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

55.        Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., & Chang, H. S. (2015). An integrated contextual and web-based issue quest approach to improving students’ learning achievements, attitudes and critical thinking. Educational Technology & Society, 18(4), 299-311. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S- 011 -005 -MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

56.        Wu, J. W., Tseng, Judy C. R, Hwang, G. J. (2015). Development of an Inquiry-based Learning Support System based on an Intelligent Knowledge Exploration Approach. Educational Technology & Society, 18(3), 282-300. (SSCI)

57.        Hsia, L. H., Huang, I., & Hwang*, G. J. (2016). A web-based peer-assessment approach to improving junior high school students’ performance, self-efficacy and motivation in performing arts courses. British Journal of Educational Technology, 47(4), 618-632. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

58.        Yang, T. C., Chen, Sherry Y., & Hwang, G. J. (2015). The Influences of a two-tier test strategy on student learning: a lag sequential analysis approach. Computers & Education, 82, 366-377. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-008 -010-MY3 & NSC 102-2511-S-008 -002-MY2.

59.        Yin, C. J., Yau, J. Y. K., Hwang, G. J., & Ogata, H. (2017). An SNS-based model for finding collaborative partners. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 76(9), 11531-11545. (SCI Journal, SSCI)

60.        Sung, H. Y., & Hwang*, G. J., & Yen, Y. F. (2015). Development of a contextual decision-making game for improving students’ learning performance in a health education course. Computers & Education, 82, 179-190. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005-MY3 & NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

61.        Hwang*, G. J., & Kuo, F. R. (2015). A structural equation model to analyse the antecedents to students' web-based problem-solving performance. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 31(4), 400-420. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3, NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3 & U19604.

62.        Hwang*, G. J., & Wong, L. H. (2014). Guest Editorial: Powering up: insights from distinguished mobile and ubiquitous learning projects across the world. Educational Technolog & Society, 17(2), 1-3. (SSCI)

63.        Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2014). Effects of mobile learning time on students’ conception of collaboration, communication, complex problem-solving, meta-cognitive awareness and creativity. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 8(3), 276-291. Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

64.        Wang, S. L., Hsu, H. Y., Lin, Sunny S.J., & Hwang, G. J. (2014). The Role of Group Interaction in Collective Efficacy and CSCL Performance. Educational Technology & Society, 17(4), 242-254. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-009-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

65.        Hwang*, G. J., Chiu, L. Y., & Chen, C. H (2015). A contextual game-based learning approach to improving students’ inquiry-based learning performance in social studies courses. Computers & Education, 81, 13-25. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3 & NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

66.        Hung, C. M., Hwang*, G. J., & Wang, S. Y. (2014). Effects of an integrated mind-mapping and problem-posing approach on students’ in-field mobile learning performance in a natural science course. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 8(3), 187-200. Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007- MY3.

67.        Hwang*, G. J. (2014). Definition, framework and research issues of smart learning environments- a context-aware ubiquitous learning perspective. Smart Learning Environments, 1(1), 1-14.

68.        Yin, P. Y, Chuang, K. H., & Hwang*, G. J. (2016). Developing a context-aware ubiquitous learning system based on a hyper-heuristic approach by taking real-world constraints into account. Universal Access in the Information Society, 15(3), 315-328. (SSCI)

69.        Chiang, Tosti H.C, Yang, Stephen J.H., & Hwang, G. J. (2014). Students’ online interactive patterns in augmented reality-based inquiry activities. Computers & Education, 78, 97-108. (SSCI). Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-008 -007 –MY2 and NSC 101-2511-S-008 -001.

70.        Lai, C. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2015). A spreadsheet-based visualized Mindtool for improving students’ learning performance in identifying relationships between numerical variables. Interactive Learning Environments, 23(2), 230-249. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

71.        Hwang, G. J., Chu, H. C., Yin, C., & Ogata, H. (2015). Transforming the educational settings: innovative designs and applications of learning technologies and learning environments. Interactive Learning Environments, 23(2), 127-129. (SSCI)

72.        Hwang*, G. J., Hung, C. M., & Huang, I. (2014). Effects of digital game-based learning on students’ self-efficacy, motivation, anxiety and achievements in learning mathematics. Journal of Computers in Education, 1(2-3), 151-166. Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

73.        Chen, N. S., & Hwang, G. J. (2014). Transforming the classrooms: innovative digital game-based learning designs and applications. Educational Technology Research & Development, 62(2), 125-128. (SSCI)

74.        Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., Liu, S. Y., & Chiu, I. H. (2014). A prompt-based annotation approach to conducting mobile learning activities for architecture design courses. Computers & Education, 76, 80-90. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

75.        Wu, C. H., Hwang*, G. J., Kuo, F. R., Huang, I. (2014). Collab-analyzer: an environment for conducting web-based collaborative learning activities and analyzing students' information-searching behaviors. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 30(3), 356-374. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

76.        Hwang*, G. J., & Wu, P. H. (2014). Applications, impacts and trends of mobile learning - a review of 2008-2012 publications in selected journals. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 8(2), 83-95. Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

77.        Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Liang, Y. R. (2014). A cooperative computerized concept mapping approach to improving students’ learning performance in web-based information-seeking activities. Journal of Computers in Education, 1(1), 19-33. Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

78.        Chiang, Tosti H.C, Yang, Stephen J.H., & Hwang, G. J. (2014). An augmented reality-based mobile learning system to improve students’ learning achievements and motivations in natural science inquiry activities. Educational Technology & Society, 17(4), 352-365. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 102-2511-S-008-007-MY2 and NSC 99-2511-S-008-006-MY3.

79.        Hung, P. H, Hwang*, G. J., Lee, Y. H., Wu, T. H., Vogel, B., Milrad, M., & Johansson, E. (2014). A problem-based ubiquitous learning approach to improving the questioning abilities of elementary school students. Education Technology & Society, 17(4), 316-334. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

80.       Chen, C. H., Hwang*, G. J., & Tsai, C. H. (2014). A progressive prompting approach to conducting context-aware learning activities for natural science courses. Interacting with Computers, 26(4), 348-359. (SSCI)

81.       Kuo, F. R., Chen, N. S., & Hwang*, G. J. (2014). A creative thinking approach to enhancing the web-based problem solving performance of university students. Computers & Education, 72, 220-230. (SSCI) Project#: NSC101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC100-2911-I-110-503.

82.        Hwang*, G. J., Hung, C. M., & Chen, N. S. (2014). Improving learning achievements, motivations and problem-solving skills through a peer assessment-based game development approach. Educational Technology Research & Development, 62(2), 129-145. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 100-2511-S-110-001-MY3.

83.        Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., & Chang, Y. C. (2016). Development of a mobile learning system based on a collaborative problem-posing strategy. Interactive Learning Environments, 24(3), 456-471. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

84.        Hwang, G. J., Kuo, F. R., Chen, N. S., & Ho, H. J. (2014). Effects of an integrated concept mapping and web-based problem-solving approach on students’ learning achievements, perceptions and cognitive loads. Computers & Education, 71, 77-86. (SSCI) Project#: NSC101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

85.        Liu, G. Z., Hwang, G. J., Kuo, Y. L., & Li, C. Y. (2014). Designing dynamic English: a creative reading system in a context-aware fitness center using a smart phone and QR-codes. Digital Creativity, 25(2), 169-186. (AHCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

86.        Hung, I. C., Yang, X. J., Fang, W. C., Hwang, G. J., & Chen, N. S. (2014). A context-aware video prompt approach to improving students' in-field reflection levels. Computers & Education, 70(1), 80-91. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

87.        Hwang*, G. J., Yang, L. H. & Wang, S. Y. (2013). A concept map-embedded educational computer game for improving students' learning performance in natural science courses. Computers & Education, 69(1), 121-130. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011 -007 -MY3.

88.        Hsu, C. K., Hwang, G. J. & Chang, C. K. (2014). An automatic caption filtering and partial hiding approach to improving the English listening comprehension of EFL students. Educational Technology & Society, 17(2), 270-283. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

89.        Hwang*, G. J., Hung, P. H., Chen, N. S. & Liu, G. Z. (2014). Mindtool-Assisted In-Field Learning (MAIL): An advanced ubiquitous learning project in Taiwan. Educational Technology & Society, 17(2), 4-16. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

90.        Kuo, F. R., & Hwang*, G. J. (2014). A five-phase learning cycle approach to improving the web-based problem-solving performance of students. Educational Technology & Society, 17(1), 169-184. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

91.        Wu, C. H., Hwang*, G. J., Kuo, F. R., Huang, I. (2013). A Mindtool-based collaborative learning approach to enhancing students’ innovative performance in management courses. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 29(1), 128-142. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

92.        Uden, L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2013). Activity theory approach to developing context-aware mobile learning systems for understanding scientific phenomenon and theories. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 11(4), 30-44. (EI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

93.        Yang, T. C., Hwang, G. J., & Yang, Stephen J. H. (2013). Development of an adaptive learning system with multiple perspectives based on students' learning styles and cognitive styles. Educational Technology & Society, 16(4), 185-200. (SSCI) Project#:NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

94.        Hsu, C. K., Hwang*, G. J., & Chang, C. K. (2013). A personalized recommendation-based mobile learning approach to improving the reading performance of EFL students. Computers & Education, 63, 327-336. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3.

95.        Tsai, C. C., & Hwang, G. J. (2013). Issues and challenges of educational technology research in Asia. The Asia Pacific Education Researcher, 22(2), 215-216. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

96.        Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., & Chai, W. H. (2013). An expert system-based context-aware ubiquitous learning approach for conducting science learning activities. Educational Technology & Society, 16(4), 217-230. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

97.        Sung, H. Y., & Hwang*, G. J. (2013). A collaborative game-based learning approach to improving students’ learning performance in science courses. Computers & Education, 63, 43-51. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

98.        Yang, C. C., Hung, C. M., Hwang*, G. J., & Tseng, S. S. (2013). An evaluation of the learning effectiveness of concept map-based science book reading via mobile devices. Educational Technology & Society, 16(3), 167-178. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

99.        Yin, C. J., Sung, H. Y., Hwang*, G. J., Hirokawa, S., Chu, H. C., Flanagan, B., & Tabata, Y. (2013). Learning by searching: A learning environment that provides searching and analysis facilities for supporting trend analysis activities. Educational Technology & Society, 16(3), 286-300. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

100.    Hwang*, G. J., Wu, C. H., Kuo, F. R. (2013). Effects of touch technology-based concept mapping on students' learning attitudes and perceptions. Educational Technology & Society, 16 (3), 274-285. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

101.    Hsu, C. K., & Hwang*, G. J. (2014). A context-aware ubiquitous learning approach for providing instant learning support in personal computer assembly activities. Interactive Learning Environments, 22(6), 687-703. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 100-2631-S-011 -003.

102.    Hwang*, G. J., Sung, H. Y., Hung, C. M., & Huang, I. (2013). A learning style perspective to investigate the necessity of developing adaptive learning systems. Educational Technology & Society, 16(2), 188-197. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

103.    Hwang*, G. J., Wu, P. H., & Chen, C. C. (2012). An online game approach for improving students' learning performance in web-based problem-solving activities. Computers & Education, 59(4), 1246-1256. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 101-2511-S-011 -005 -MY3.

104.    Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, C. C., Chu, H. C., Kinshuk, & Chen, C. Y. (2012). A context-aware ubiquitous learning approach to conducting scientific inquiry activities in a science park. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 28(5), 931-947. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-031-002-MY2 and NSC 100-2631-S-011-003.

105.    Hung, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Lee, Y. H., & Su, I. H. (2012). A cognitive component analysis approach for developing game-based spatial learning tools. Computers & Education, 59(2), 762-773. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 100-2631-S-011-003

106.    Yin, C. J., Song, Y. J., Tabata, Y., Ogata, H., & Hwang, G. J. (2013). Developing and implementing a framework of participatory simulation for mobile learning using scaffolding. Educational Technology & Society, 16(3), 137-150. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 101-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and NSC 102-2511-S-011-007-MY3.

107.    Hwang*, G. J., Panjaburee, P., Triampo, W., & Shih, B. Y. (2013). A group decision approach to developing concept-effect models for diagnosing student learning problems in mathematics. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(3), 453-468. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 100-2631-S-011-003.

108.    Hung, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Lin, Y. F., Wu, T. H., & Su, I. H. (2013). Seamless connection between learning and assessment-applying progressive learning tasks in mobile ecology inquiry. Educational Technology & Society, 16(1), 194-205. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 100-2631-S-011-003.

109.    Hsu, C. K., Hwang*, G. J., Chang, Y. T., & Chang, C. K. (2013). Effects of video caption modes on English listening comprehension and vocabulary acquisition using handheld devices. Educational Technology & Society, 16(1), 403-414. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 100-2631-S-011-003.

110.    Hwang*, G. J., Sung, H. Y., Hung, C. M., Huang, I., & Tsai, C. C. (2012). Development of a personalized educational computer game based on students’ learning styles. Educational Technology Research & Development, 60(4), 623-638. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

111.    Hung, C. M., Hwang*, G. J., & Huang, I. (2012). A project-based digital storytelling approach for improving students’ learning motivation, problem-solving competence and learning achievement. Educational Technology & Society, 15(4), 368-379. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

112.    Tsai, P. S., Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, C. C., Hung, C. M., & Huang, I. (2012). An electronic library-based learning Environment for supporting web-based problem-solving activities. Educational Technology & Society, 15(4), 252-264. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

113.    Hsu, Y. C., Ho, S. N., Tsai, C. C., Hwang, G. J., Chu, H. C., & Wang, C.Y. (2012). Research trends in technology-based learning from 2000 to 2009: a content analysis of publications in selected journals. Educational Technology & Society, 15(2), 354-370. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2631-S-011 -001, NSC100-2911-I-011-502 and NSC100-2911-I-110-503.

114.    Hung, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Lin, I. H., & Su, I. H. (2012). The characteristics of gifted students’ ecology inquiries in ubiquitous learning activities. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 6(1), 52-63. Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

115.    Kuo, F. R., Hwang*, G. J., Chen, S. C., & Chen, Sherry Y. (2012). A cognitive apprenticeship approach to facilitating web-based collaborative problem solving. Educational Technology & Society, 15(4), 319-331. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3, NSC 99-2631-S-011-002, and 99-2511-S-008 -003 -MY2.

116.    Panjaburees, P., Triampo, W., Hwang*, G. J., Chuedoung, M., & Triampo, D. (2013). Development of a diagnostic and remedial learning system based on an enhanced concepteffect model. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 50(1), 72-84. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001 and NSC 97-2511-S-009-001-MY3.

117.    Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Su, L. H., & Huang, Y. M. (2012). A context-aware mobile learning system for supporting cognitive apprenticeships in nursing skills training. Educational Technology & Society, 15(1), 223-236. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

118.    Lee, C. I., Hsieh, Y. C., & Hwang, G. J. (2012). A study of an inquiry-based learning approach on college students’ online problem-solving abilities. International Journal on Digital Learning Technology, 3(4), 65-90. Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

119.    Hwang*, G. J., Sung, H. Y., Hung, C. M., Yang, L. H., & Huang, I. (2012). A knowledge engineering approach to developing educational computer games for improving students' differentiating knowledge. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(2), 183-196. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

120.    Kuo, F. R., Hwang*, G. J., & Lee, C. C. (2012). A hybrid approach to promoting students’ web-based problem-solving competence and learning attitude. Computers & Education, 58(1), 351-364. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

121.    Wang, S. L., & Hwang, G. J. (2012). The role of collective efficacy, cognitive quality, and task cohesion in computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). Computers & Education, 58(2), 679-687. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-009-MY3, NSC 96-2520-S-011-002-MY3 and NSC 98-2511-S-011-008-MY3.

122.    Hwang*, G. J., & Wu, P. H. (2012). Advancements and trends in digital game-based learning research: a review of publications in selected journals from 2001 to 2010. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(1), E6-E10. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

123.    Hsu, C. K., Hwang*, G. J., Chuang, C. W., & Chang, C. K. (2012). Effects on learners’ performance of using selected and open network resources in a problem-based learning activity. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(4), 606-623. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

124.    Tsai, P. S., Tsai, C. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (2012). Developing a survey for assessing preferences in constructivist context-aware ubiquitous learning environments. Journal of Computer-Assisted Learning, 28(3), 250–264. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-011-005-MY3, NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

125.    Hwang*, G. J., Wu, P. H., Zhuang, Y. Y., & Huang, Y. M. (2013). Effects of the inquiry-based mobile learning model on the cognitive load and learning achievement of students. Interactive Learning Environments, 21(4), 338-354. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

126.    Hwang*, G. J., & Tsai, C. C. (2011). Research trends in mobile and ubiquitous learning: a review of publications in selected journals from 2001 to 2010. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(4), E65-E70. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

127.    Hung, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Su, I. H., & Lin, I. H. (2012). A concept-map integrated dynamic assessment system for improving ecology observation competences in mobile learning activities. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11(1), 10-19. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2631-S-011 -002.

128.    Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Milrad, M., Ke, H. R., & Huang, Y. M. (2012). An innovative concept map approach for improving students' learning performance with an instant feedback mechanism. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(2), 217-232. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98–2511-S-024–007-MY3 and NSC 98–2631-S-024–001.

129.    Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, C. C., Chen, Y. C., & Huang, Y. M. (2011). A pilot study on conducting mobile learning activities for clinical nursing courses based on the repertory grid approach. Nurse Education Today, 31(8), e8-e15. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

130.    Hwang*, G. J., Wu, C. H., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Huang, I. W. (2011). Development of a ubiquitous learning platform based on a real-time help-seeking mechanism. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(6), 992-1002. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001 and NSC 97-2511-S-009-001-MY3.

131.    Hwang*, G. J., Shi, Y. R., & Chu, H. C. (2011). A concept map approach to developing collaborative Mindtools for context-aware ubiquitous learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(5), 778–789. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001 and NSC 97-2511-S-009-001-MY3.

132.    Shih, J. L., Hwang*, G. J., Chu, Y. C., & Chuang, C. W. (2011). An investigation-based learning model for using digital libraries to support mobile learning activities. The Electronic Library, 29(4), 488-505. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 97-2511-S-024-009-MY2 and NSC 98-2511-S-024-006-MY2 and NSC 98-2631-S- 024-001.

133.    Hwang*, G. J., Wu, P. H., & Ke, H. R. (2011). An interactive concept map approach to supporting mobile learning activities for natural science courses. Computers & Education, 57(4), 2272-2280. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

134.    Hwang*, G. J., & Kuo, F. R. (2011). An information-summarising instruction strategy for improving the web-based problem solving abilities of students. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(2), 290-306. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-011-008-MY3 and NSC 97-2511-S-009-001-MY3.

135.    Yien, J. M., Hung, C. M., Hwang*, G. J., & Lin, Y. C. (2011). A game-based learning approach to improving students’ learning achievements in a nutrition course. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(2), 1-10. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

136.    Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., Lin, Y. S., & Tsai, C. C. (2011). A knowledge acquisition approach to developing Mindtools for organizing and sharing differentiating knowledge in a ubiquitous learning environment. Computers & Education, 57(1), 1368-1377. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

137.    Hwang*, G. J., Chen, C. Y., Tsai, P. S., & Tsai, C. C. (2011). An expert system for improving web-based problem-solving ability of students. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(7), 8664-8672. (SCI Journal, SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

138.    Hsieh, S. W., Jang, Y. R., Hwang, G. J., & Chen, N. S. (2011). Effects of teaching and learning styles on students’ reflection levels for ubiquitous learning. Computers & Education, 57(1), 1194-1201. (SSCI) Project#: NSC97-2511-S-110-005-MY3, NSC99-2631-S-011-002 and NSC99-2511-S-110-004-MY3.

139.    Hwang*, G. J., & Chang, H. F. (2011). A formative assessment-based mobile learning approach to improving the learning attitudes and achievements of students. Computers & Education, 56(4), 1023-1031. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

140.    Liu, G. Z., Liu, Z. H., & Hwang, G. J. (2011). Developing multi-dimensional evaluation criteria for English learning websites with university students and professors. Computers & Education, 56(1), 65-79. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2411-H-006-030, NSC 98-2511-S-006-003-MY2 and NSC99-2631-S-011-002.

141.    Tsai, P. S., Tsai, C. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (2011). The correlates of Taiwan teachers’ epistemological beliefs concerning Internet environments, online search strategies, and search outcomes. The Internet and Higher Education, 14(1), 54-63. (SSCI) Project#: 97-2511-S-011-003-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

142.    Shih, J. L., Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Kinshuk (2011). An investigation of attitudes of students and teachers about participating in a context-aware ubiquitous learning activity. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(3), 373-394. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001 and NSC 97-2511-S-024-009-MY2.

143.    Hung, C. M., Hwang*, G. J., Huang, I. W., & Li, J. M. (2010). Effects of interactively virtual reality on achievements and attitudes of pupils- a case study on a natural science course. WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications, 7(12), 1413-1422.  (EI) Project#: NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

144.    Shih, J. L., Chuang, C. W., & Hwang*, G. J. (2010). An inquiry-based mobile learning approach to enhancing social science learning effectiveness. Educational Technology & Society, 13(4), 50-62. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001, NSC 99-2511-S-011-011-MY3 and NSC 99-2631-S-011-002.

145.    Chiou, C. K., Tseng, Judy C. R., Hwang*, G. J., & Heller, S. (2010). An adaptive navigation support system for conducting context-aware ubiquitous learning in museums. Computers & Education, 55(2), 834-845. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

146.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, C. C., & Tseng, Judy C. R. (2010). A two-tier test approach to developing location-aware mobile learning systems for natural science courses. Computers & Education, 55(4), 1618-1627. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

147.    Panjaburee, P., Hwang, G. J., Triampo, W., & Shih, B. Y. (2010). A multi-expert approach for developing testing and diagnostic systems based on the concept-effect model. Computers & Education, 55(2), 527-540. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

148.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Tseng, Judy C. R. (2010). An innovative approach for developing and employing electronic libraries to support context-aware ubiquitous learning. The Electronic Library, 28(6), 873-890. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

149.    Hung, P. H., Lin, Y. F., & Hwang*, G. J. (2010). Formative assessment design for PDA integrated ecology observation. Educational Technology & Society, 13(3), 33-42. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

150.    Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., Shih, J. L., Huang, S. H., & Tsai, C. C. (2010). A decision-tree-oriented guidance mechanism for conducting nature science observation activities in a context-aware ubiquitous learning environment. Educational Technology & Society, 13(2), 53-64. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

151.    Shih, J. L., Hwang*, G. J., & Chu, Y. C. (2010). The development and instructional application of u-library on butterfly and wetland ecology for context-aware ubiquitous learning. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 4(3), 253-268. Project#: NSC 97-2511-S-024-009-MY2 and NSC 98-2511-S-024-006-MY2 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

152.    Hsu, C. K., Hwang*, G. J., & Chang, C. K. (2010). Development of a reading material recommendation system based on a knowledge engineering approach. Computers & Education, 55(1), 76-83. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

153.    Yeh, Y. F., Chen, M. C., Hung, P. H., & Hwang*, G. J. (2010). Optimal self-explanation prompt design in dynamic multi-representational learning environments. Computers & Education, 54(4), 1089-1100. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

154.    Hwang*, G. J., Kuo, F. R., Yin, P. Y., & Chuang, K. H. (2010). A heuristic algorithm for planning personalized learning paths for context-aware ubiquitous learning. Computers & Education, 54(2), 404-415. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

155.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Huang, Y. M. (2010). An enhanced learning diagnosis model based on concept-effect relationships with multiple knowledge levels. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 47(1), 53–67. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

156.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Tsai, C. C. (2010). A knowledge engineering approach to developing Mindtools for context-aware ubiquitous learning. Computers & Education, 54(1), 289-297. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

157.    Liu, G. Z., & Hwang*, G. J. (2010). A key step to understanding paradigm shifts in e-learning: Towards context-aware ubiquitous learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(2), E1-E9. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 97-2631-S-024-002 and NSC 96-2411-H-006-030.

158.    Shih, J. L., Hwang, G. J., Chuang, C. W., & Cheng, J, J. (2010). Using a mobile learning system for field investigative learning about the local history and geography of southern Taiwan. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 4(4), 360-377. Project#: NSC 98-2631-S-024-001, NSC 98-2511-S-024-006-MY2, NSC 98-2511-S-009-007-MY3 and NSC 97-2511-S-024-009-MY2.

159.    Chu, H. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (2010). Development of a project-based cooperative learning environment for computer programming courses. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 8(3), 256-266. Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

160.    Chen, C. H., Chen, S. H., Hwang*, G. J., & Yang, T. C. (2010). Factors influencing teachers’ adoption of a ubiquitous technology application in supporting teacher performance. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 4(1), 39-54. Project#: NSC 97-2511-S-009-002 and NSC 97-2631-S-024 -003.

161.    Shih, J. L., Nuutinen, J., Hwang, G. J., & Chen, N. S. (2010). Building virtual collaborative research community using knowledge management approach, Knowledge Management & E-Learning, 2(3), 293-311.

162.    Huang, A. F. M., Yang, S. J. H., Hwang, G. J., & Tsai, C. C. (2010). Situational language teaching in ubiquitous learning environments, Knowledge Management & E-Learning, 2(3), 312-328. Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-008-006-MY3 and NSC 98-2511-S-008-007-MY3.

163.    Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., Tsai, C. C., & Huang, Y. M. (2009). A computer-assisted collaborative approach for developing enterprise e-training courses on the Internet. Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, 41(4), 319-340. (SCI journal, SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024 -002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024 -003.

164.    Ho, T. F., Yin, P. Y., Hwang*, G. J., Shyu, S. J., & Yean, Y. N. (2009). Multi-objective parallel test-sheet composition using enhanced particle swarm optimization. Educational Technology & Society, 12(4), 193-206. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 97-2631-S-024-002.

165.    Chen, C. H., Hwang*, G. J., Yang, T. C., Chen, S. H., & Huang, S. Y. (2009). Analysis of a ubiquitous performance support system for teachers. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 46(4), 421-433. (SSCI) Project#: NSC97-2511-S-009-002 and NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3.

166.    Hwang*, G. J., Yang, T. C., Tsai, C. C., & Yang, Stephen J. H. (2009). A context-aware ubiquitous learning environment for conducting complex science experiments. Computers & Education, 53(2), 402-413. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2520-S-024-003-MY3, NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3, and NSC 97-2631-S-024-003.

167.    Chiou, C. K., Hwang*, G. J., & Tseng, Judy C. R (2009). An auto-scoring mechanism for evaluating problem-solving ability in a web-based learning environment. Computers & Education, 53(2), 261-272. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024- 001-MY3, NSC 97-2631-S-024-002, NSC 96-2520-S-216-002 -MY3, and NSC 97-2511-S-216-001.

168.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, C. C., & Chen, N. S. (2009). An innovative approach for promoting information exchanges and sharing in a web 2.0-based learning environment. Interactive Learning Environments, 17(4), 311-323. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 98-2511-S-024-007-MY3, NSC 97-2511-S-011-001 and NSC 98-2631-S-024-001.

169.    Peng, H. Y., Chuang, P. Y., Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., Wu, T. T., & Huang, S. X. (2009). Ubiquitous performance-support system as Mindtool: A case study of instructional decision making and learning assistant. Educational Technology & Society, 12(1), 107-120. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2520-S-009-009 and NSC 97-2631-S-024 -003.

170.    Tseng, Judy C. R., Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, P. S., & Tsai, C. C. (2009). Meta-analyzer: A web-based learning environment for analyzing student information searching behaviors. International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, 5(3), 567-579. (SCI journal, SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 97-2631-S-024-003.

171.    Hung, C. C., Lee, W. H., Chang, S. C., Hwang, G. J., & Wang, Y. L. (2009). Magnetic effect during copper electroplating using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 48, 1-5. (SCI) Project#: NSC 96-221-E-006-125 and NSC 97-2623-7-006-012-ET.

172.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, P. J., & Yang, T. C. (2009). A computer-assisted approach for conducting information technology applied instructions. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 7(1), 23-43. (EI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 97-2631-S-011-001.

173.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., Huang, S. X., & Wu, T. T. (2008). A knowledge engineering approach to developing e-libraries for mobile learning. The Electronic Library, 26(3), 303-317. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

174.    Hwang, W. Y., Wang, C. Y., Hwang, G. J., Huang, Y. M., & Huang, S. (2008). A web-based programming learning environment to support cognitive development. Interacting with Computers, 20(6), 524-534. (SSCI)

175.    Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, P. S., Tsai, C. C., & Tseng, Judy C. R. (2008). A novel approach for assisting teachers in analyzing student web-searching behaviors. Computers & Education, 51(2), 926-938. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

176.    Tseng, S. S., Su, J. M., Hwang*, G. J., Hwang, G. H., Tsai, C. C., & Tsai, C. J. (2008). An object-oriented course framework for developing adaptive learning systems. Educational Technology & Society, 11(2), 171-191. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2520-S-009-007-MY3 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003-MY3.

177.    Hwang*, G. J., Tsai, C. C., & Yang, Stephen J. H. (2008). Criteria, strategies and research issues of context-aware ubiquitous learning. Educational Technology & Society, 11(2), 81-91. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003-MY3.

178.    Tseng, Judy C. R., Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., & Tsai, C. C. (2008). Development of an adaptive learning system with two sources of personalization information. Computers & Education, 51(2), 776-786. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003-MY3.

179.    Hwang*, G. J., Yin, P. Y., Wang, T. T., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang, G. H. (2008). An enhanced genetic approach to optimizing auto-reply accuracy of an e-learning system. Computers & Education, 51(1), 337-353. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

180.    Hwang*, G. J., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang, G. H. (2008). Diagnosing student learning problems based on historical assessment records. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 45(1), 77-89. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024 -002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

181.    Hwang*, G. J., Yin, P. Y., Hwang, C. W., & Tsai, C. C. (2008). An enhanced genetic approach to composing cooperative learning groups for multiple grouping criteria. Educational Technology & Society, 11(1), 148-167. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

182.    Hwang*, G. J., Chu, H. C., Yin, P. Y., & Lin J. Y. (2008). An innovative parallel test sheet composition approach to meet multiple assessment criteria for national tests. Computers & Education, 51(3), 1058-1072. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003-MY3.

183.    Wu, P. H., Hwang*, G. J., Liu, H. M., Hwang, G. H., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Huang, Y. M. (2008). Knowledge verification for fuzzy expert systems. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, 31(6), 997-1009. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC 96-2520-S-024-004-MY3 and NSC 97-2631-S-024-003.

184.    Chu, H. C., & Hwang*, G. J. (2008). A delphi-based approach to developing expert systems with the cooperation of multiple experts. Expert Systems with Applications, 34(4), 2826-2840. (SCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

185.    Hung, C. C., Lee, W. H., Chang, S. C., Wang, Y. L., & Hwang, G. J. (2008). Investigation of copper scratches and void defects after chemical mechanical polishing. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(9), 7073-7075. (SCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3.

186.    Hung, C. C., Lee, W. H., Wang, Y. L., Chan, D. Y., & Hwang, G. J. (2008). Investigation of the suppression effect of polyethylene glycol on copper electroplating by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, 26(5), 1109-1114. (SCI) Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3.

187.    Tsai, P. J., Hwang*, G. J., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang, G. H. (2008). A computer-assisted approach to conducting cooperative learning process. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 6(1), 49-66. (EI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

188.    Hwang*, G. J., Kuo, F. R., & Hsu, S. W. (2008). A learning strategy with big six skills and self-regulation model- a theme-based learning activity on a social science course. International Journal of Digital Learning Technology, 1(1), 25-38. Project#: NSC 96-2628-S-024-001-MY3 and NSC 97-2631-S-024-003.

189.    Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang*, G. J. (2007). Development of an automatic customer service system on the internet. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 6(1), 19-28. (SSCI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001.

190.    Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang*, G. J. (2007). A study of metaindex mechanisms for selecting and ranking remote search engines. Journal of Information Science and Engineering, 23(2), 353-369. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

191.    Cheng, Y. L., Wanga, Y. L., Hwang, G. J., Lee, W. H., O’Neill, M. L., Tang, A., & Wu, C. L. (2007). Optimization and integration of trimethylsilane-based organosilicate glass and organofluorinated silicate glass dielectric thin films for Cu damascene process. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology (B), 25(1), 96-101. (SCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

192.    Hwang*, G. J. (2007). Gray forecast approach for developing testing and diagnostic systems. IEEE Transactions on System, man and Cybernetic Part C., 37(1), 98-108. (SCI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001.

193.    Chang, S. C., Wang, Y. L., Huang, C. C., Lee, W. H., & Hwang, G. J. (2007). Role of surface tension in copper electroplating. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology (A), 25(3), 566-569. (SCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

194.    Hwang*, G. J., Cheng, H., Chu, H. C., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang, G. H. (2007). Development of a web-based system for diagnosing student learning problems on English tenses. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 5(4), 80-98. (EI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001 and NSC 94-2524-S-024-003.

195.    Hwang*, G. J., Wu, T. T., & Chen, Y. J. (2007). Ubiquitous computing technologies in education. Journal of Distance Education Technology, 5(4), 1-4. (EI)

196.    Tseng, Judy C. R., Tsai, W. L., Hwang*, G. J., & Wu, P. H. (2007). An efficient and effective approach to developing engineering e-training courses. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 5(1), 31-47. (EI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001 and NSC 94-2524-S-024-003.

197.    Kuo, F. R., Pan, J. Z., Hwang*, G. J., & Chu, H. C. (2007). A knowledge engineering approach to supporting enterprise knowledge preservation. Journal of Scientific and Technological Studies, 41(1), 29-51. Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

198.    Yin, P. Y., Chang, K. C., Hwang*, G. J., Hwang, G. H., & Chan, Y. (2006). A particle swarm optimization approach to composing serial test sheets for multiple assessment criteria. Educational Technology & Society, 9(3), 3-15. (SSCI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001 and NSC 94-2524-S-024-003.

199.    Hwang*, G. J., Lin, Bertrand M. T. & Lin, T. L. (2006). An effective approach for test-sheet composition with large-scale item banks. Computers & Education, 46(2), 122-139. (SSCI) Project#: NSC-91-2520-S-260-003.

200.    Hwang*, G. J., Yin, P. Y., & Yeh, S. H. (2006). A tabu search approach to generating test sheets for multiple assessment criteria. IEEE Transactions on Education, 49(1), 88-97. (SCI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-260-001 and NSC-93-2524-S-009-004-EC3.

201.    Hwang, G. H., Chen, J. M., Hwang*, G. J., & Chu, H. C. (2006). A time scale-oriented approach for building medical expert systems. Expert Systems with Applications, 31(2), 299-308. (SCI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-260-001 and NSC-94-2524-S-024-003-EC3.

202.    Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang*, G. J. (2006). A minimal perfect hashing scheme to mining association rules from frequently updated data. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, 29(3), 391-401. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-009-004-EC3 and NSC-93-2524-S-260-003.

203.    Chu, H. C., Hwang*, G. J., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang, G. H. (2006). A computerized approach to diagnosing student learning problems in health education. Asian Journal of Health and Information Sciences, 1(1), 43-60.

204.    Chen, Y. M., Tu, G. C., Wang, Y. L., Hwang, G. J., & Lo, C. Y. (2006). CoSix thermal stability on narrow-width poly silicon resistors. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology (B), 24(1), 83-86. Project#: (SCI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-260-001 and NSC-93-2524-S-009-004-EC3.

205.    Cheng, Y. L., Wang, Y. L., Lan, J. K., Hwang, G. J., O’Neil, M. L., & Chen, C. F. (2006). Heat, moisture and chemical resistance on low dielectric constant (low-k) film using Diethoxymethylsilane (DEMS) prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Surface & Coatings Technology, 200, 3127-3133. (SCI) Project#: NSC92-2120-E-006-003.

206.    Huang, C. C., Wang, Y. L., Chang, S. C., Hwang, G. J., & Huang, J. L. (2006). Phase transformation of tantalum on different dielectric films with plasma treatment. Thin Solid Film, 498, 286-288. (SCI) Project#: NSC93-2216- E006-046.

207.    Wang, T. C., Cheng, Y. L., Wang, Y. L., Hsieh, T. E., Hwang, G. J., & Chen, C. F. (2006). Comparison of characteristics and integration of copper diffusion-barrier dielectrics. Thin Solid Film, 498, 36-42. (SCI) Project#: NSC91-2116-E-006-060.

208.    Cheng, Y. L., Wang, Y. L., Hwang, G. J., O’Neill, M. L., Karwacki, E. J., Liu, P. T., & Chen, C. F.(2006). Effect of deposition temperature and oxygen flow rate on properties of low dielectric constant SiCOH film prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition using diethoxymethylsilane. Surface & Coatings Technology, 200, 3134-3139. (SCI) Project#: NSC92-2216-E-006-030.

209.    Chen, K. W., Wang, Y. L., Chang, L., Lic, F. Y., & Hwang, G. J. (2006). Effects of plasma treatment in the tungsten process for chemical vapor deposition titanium nitride barrier film beyond nanometer technology. Thin Solid Film, 498, 64-69. (SCI) Project#: NSC92-2113-M-260-005.

210.    Chiu, S. Y., Wang, Y. L., Chang, S. C., Hwang, G. J., Feng, M. S., & Chen, C. F. (2006). High-selectivity damascene chemical mechanical polishing. Thin Solid Film, 498, 60-63. (SCI) Project#: NSC92-2216-E006-046.

211.    Chen, Y. M., Wang, Y. L., Hwang, G. J., & Juang, Y. (2006). Thermal stability study on nanoscale polysilicide resistors. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology (B), 23(4), 658-662. (SCI) Project#: NSC 95-2524-S-024-002 and NSC 95-2520-S-024-003.

212.    Hwang*, G. J., Lin, Bertrand M. T., Tseng, H. H., & Lin, T. L. (2005). On the development of a computer-assisted testing system with genetic test sheet-generating approach. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Part C, 35(4), 590-594. (SCI) Project#: NSC-91-2520-S-260-003 and NSC92-2524-S-260-003.

213.    Liu, C. W., Wanga, Y. L., Tsai, M. S., Feng, H. P., Chang, S. C., & Hwang, G. J. (2005). Effect of plating current density and annealing on impurities in electroplated Cu film. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology (A), 23(4), 658-662. (SCI) Project#: NSC 91-2721-2317-200.

214.    Hwang*, G. J. (2005). A data mining algorithm for diagnosing student learning problems in science courses. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 3(4), 35-50. (EI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-260-001 and NSC-93-2524-S-260-003.

215.    Tseng, Judy C. R., Hwang*, G. J., & Chan, Y. (2005). An efficient approach to restructuring subject materials in mobile learning environments. WSEAS Transactions on Advances in Engineering Education, 4(2), 302-308. (EI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001 and NSC-93-2524-S-009-004-EC3.

216.    Tseng, Judy C. R., Tsai, W. L., & Hwang*, G. J. (2005). A novel approach to facilitating the design of on-line engineering courseware. WSEAS Transactions on Advances in Engineering Education, 4(2), 309- 314. (EI) Project#: NSC-94-2524-S-024-001 and NSC-93-2524-S-009-004-EC3.

217.    Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang*, G. J. (2005). Development of an intelligent internet shopping agent based on a novel personalization approach. Journal of Internet Technology, 6(4), 477-485. (EI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-260-001 and NSC-93-2524-S-260-003.

218.    Hwang*, G. J., Huang, Tony C. K., & Tseng, Judy C. R. (2004). A group-decision approach for evaluating educational web sites. Computers & Education, 42(1), 65-86. (SSCI) Project#: NSC 92-2520-S-260-001.

219.    Tseng, Judy C. R., & Hwang*, G. J. (2004). A novel approach to diagnosing student learning problems in e-Learning environments. WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications, 1(5), 1295-1300. (EI) Project#: NSC-93-2524-S-260-003.

220.    Hwang*, G. J. (2003). A conceptual map model for developing intelligent tutoring systems. Computers & Education, 40(3), 217-235. (SSCI) Project#: NSC-92-2520-S-260-001.

221.    Hwang*, G. J. (2003). A test sheet generating algorithm for multiple assessment requirements. IEEE Transactions on Education, 46(3), 329-337. (SCI) Project#: NSC-92-2520-S-260-001.

222.    Hwang*, G. J., Hsiao, J. L., & Tseng, Judy C. R. (2003). A computer-assisted approach for diagnosing student learning problems in science courses. Journal of Information Science and Engineering, 19 (2), 229-248. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC-92-2520-S-260-001.

223.    Hwang*, G. J., Tseng, Judy C. R., & Huang, Y. S. (2002). I-WAP: An intelligent WAP site management system. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 1(2), 82 -95. (SCI) Project#: NSC-91-2520-S260-003.

224.    Hwang*, G. J. (2002). On the development of a cooperative tutoring environment on computer networks. IEEE Transactions on System, man and Cybernetic Part C, 32(3), 272-278. (SCI) Project#: NSC-91-2520-S260-003.

225.    Hwang*, G. J. (1999). A new environment for developing fuzzy expert systems. Journal of Information Science and Engineering, 15(1), 53-69. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC 89-2520-S260-001.

226.    Hwang*, G. J. (1998). A tutoring strategy supporting system for distance learning on computer networks. IEEE Transactions on Education, 41(4), 343-351. (SCI). Project#: NSC 87-2511-S-260-001-ICL.

227.    Hwang*, G. J. (1995). Knowledge acquisiton for fuzzy expert systems. International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 10, 541-560. (SCI) Project#: NSC 84-2511-S-009-010-CL.

228.    Hwang*, G. J. (1995). Knowledge validation in eliciting implicit expertise under uncertainty. Journal of Information Science and Engineering, 10, 587-600. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC 84-2511-S-009-010-CL.

229.    Chen, F. R., Hwang*, G. J., & Tseng, S. S. (1995). On the development of an intelligent CAL system for chemistry courses. Proceedings of the National Science Council, R.O.C., 5(1), 9-18. Project#: NSC 84-2511-S-009-010-CL.

230.    Hwang*, G. J. (1994). A new control mechanism for the development of expert systems. International Journal of Information Management and Engineering, 1(3), 25-33. Project#: NSC 83-0111-S-009-005-CL.

231.    Hwang*, G. J. (1994). Knowledge elicitation and integration from multiple experts. Journal of Information Science and Engineering, 10(1), 99-109. (SCI Expanded, EI) Project#: NSC 83-0111-S-009-005-CL.

232.    Hwang, G. J., & Tseng, S. S. (1993). A heuristic task-assignment algorithm to maximize reliability of a distributed system. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, 42(3), 408-416. (SCI)

233.    Hwang, G. J., & Tseng, S. S. (1991). On building a medical diagnostic systme of acute exanthema. Journal of Chinese Institute of Engineers, 14(2), 185-195. (SCI Expanded, EI)

234.    Hwang, G. J., & Tseng, S. S. (1990). EMCUD: A knowledge acquisition method which captures embedded meanings under uncertainty. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 33(4), 431-451. (SSCI)

 


Research aim: Context-Aware Mobile Learning, Flipped Learning, and Digital-Game-based Learning

Many scholars have pointed out that by engaging in authentic contexts for a long period of time, students can make more observations, imitate experts’ experience and behaviors, and have a chance to experience the whole process. Hence, they might feel interested in something which then triggers their eagerness to learn. Later, new knowledge is gained and skills are developed. To engage students in contextual learning and enable them to have more opportunities to interact with teachers, peers and the authentic contexts, my research scope consists of the following three dimensions:

(1)  Context-Aware Mobile Learning with Effective Strategies or Tools

Context-aware mobile/ubiquitous learning refers to the learning model that engages students in real-world contexts using mobile, wireless communication and sensing technologies, which enable the learning system to guide the students to learn by assigning learning tasks and providing hints and supplementary materials in the right place and at the right time.

(2)  Flipped Learning with Effective Strategies or Tools

Flipped learning aims to enable teachers to have more time in “group space” (i.e., the time the teachers can work with students) for solving students’ learning problems, enabling them to have more practice opportunities and engaging them in higher order thinking with the help of teachers and peers by sifting the lecture time to the “individual space” (i.e., the time the students learn along out of the class). It is an effective learning model that have been applied to a variety of courses for all levels of schools.

(3) Digital Game-based Learning with Effective Strategies or Tools

Digital game-based learning situates students in joyful contexts with learning content. It is able to motive students to learn and decrease their learning anxiety.

For example, I have tried to combine my research results of the past decade with mobile technology to guide students to learn in real-world environments in natural science courses. The research results include the development of learning guidance, assessment, feedback mechanisms, and the real application of learning activities in natural science courses, such as the knowledge of plants, insects, ecology, and minerals. Students used mobile tablets and conducted observations in botanical gardens, butterfly gardens, and ecology parks. The learning system would conduct in-time assessment and provide feedback. The following figure shows the scenario of a student learning in the butterfly garden. More than 20 kinds of butterflies were nurtured in a 100-square-meter butterfly garden comprised of 18 different sections.

 

Such learning activities conducted via mobile and ubiquitous learning have involved the participation of more than 50,000 students, and a number of papers have been published in SSCI journals. In the mobile and ubiquitous learning activities, many kinds of mind tools, learning strategies, assessment, and feedback mechanisms have been applied to assist the teachers in organizing the activities and helping the students to learn in real contexts.

In recent years, I have applied to strategies to flipped learning and digital game-based learning based on the research experience of context-aware mobile/ubiquitous learning. For example, the in a flipped classroom, students can watch instructional videos that provide teachers’ lectures at home, collect data related to the learning content using mobile devices before the class, and then participate in the in-class discussion by sharing the data they have collected as well as the knowledge they have learned. For those learning contexts that cannot be implemented in a real-world environment, digital game-based learning is a good choice. Digital games can also be used to replace instructional videos in flipped learning to serve as a more interactive material for the out-of-class learning.

 

Academic Contributions

My research mostly focuses on the development and application of interactive learning, assessment, and feedback mechanisms combined with mobile technology to apply it in real contexts for learning natural science. From 2011 to 2015, I published 97 papers in this research field, including 83 in SSCI journals (65 papers as first or corresponding author), 1 in an SCI journal, 1 in an EI journal, 1 paper in an AHCI journal, and other papers related to digital learning.

The abovementioned research results have been applied to courses in hundreds of elementary schools, junior high schools, and colleges, including natural science, environment and ecology, local culture education, computer courses, English teaching, Chinese teaching, nursing courses, chemistry courses, physical education, art creation, design courses, and mathematics courses.

Meanwhile, I have been in charge of the “High School Mobile Learning Facilitating Project”, run by the Ministry of Education, since July 2013. I am responsible for assisting high school faculties to conduct teaching activities using mobile learning. The schools receiving my assistance include Taipei First Girls High School, National Taichung Girls Senior High School, Kaohsiung Municipal Girls' Senior High School, The Affiliated High School of National Chengchi University, and 78 other high schools, with a total of 1,165 classes participating in this long-term mobile learning program. Based on our previous studies, 10 mobile learning strategies have been proposed and applied to various courses in these schools, including guided learning, peer assessment, video sharing, synchronous sharing, issue-based discussion, computers as MindTools, project-based learning, digital storytelling, inquiry-based learning, and contextual mobile learning.

 

範例-探究式學習

Up until the end of 2015, there were 47,436 high school students and 4,041 teachers receiving assistance from my team members, and who have completed 1,076 mobile technology enhanced teaching activities. The application domains include Chinese, English, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, history, geography, earth science, civics, art, physical education, music, home economics, life and technology, health care, life education, project integration, professional skills, general courses, and computer information. Furthermore, a teacher-student sharing platform has been created and promoted to more schools to make a greater contribution to society.

學校分布圖

Besides high school students, I have long been a consultant for Tainan Municipal Haidong Elementary School where they used “Recycling to Live Green” as the topic of developing the website, winning a gold medal in the Global Virtual Classroom Contest 2014/2015. In August 4, 2015, President Ma granted the award with praise.

Haidong Elementary School is located in Annan District, Tainan City, a rural area where there is a huge digital gap and lack of cultural stimulation. Most of the students’ families are economically disadvantaged, with nearly 140 families which are low or medium income households. Through the implementation of information technology innovation in teaching, the students at Haidong Elementary School are able to learn at the same level as students in advanced countries. They won 3 gold medals and 1 bronze medal in four years, with the greatest performance out of more than 70 participating countries.

 

 

大合照--S

In order to improve teaching in schools, I have published four books about educational technology, including Technology and Learning, Digital Learning Theory, Future Classroom, Mobile, and Ubiquitous Learning, and Flipped Classroom.

 

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In addition, I published the following book chapters in English in 2011-2015:

(1)   Hwang, G. J. (2015). Mobile technology-enhanced learning. In Z. Yan (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Mobile Phone Behavior (Volume II, pp. 566-573). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

(2)   Chen, N. S., & Hwang, G. J. (2015). Technologies that Learn and Adapt to Users. In J. Michael Spector (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Technology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications, INC.

(3)   Hwang, G. J., & Shih, J. L. (2014). Experiences of using a Blended Mobile Learning Approach to Connect Classroom and In-Field Learning Activities in a Local Culture Course. In L.H. Wong, M. Milrad, & M. Specht (Eds.), Seamless Learning in the Age of Mobile Connectivity (Chapter 16, pp. 319-334). London, UK: Springer.

(4)   Milrad, M., Wong, L. H., Sharples, M., Hwang, G. J., Looi, C. K., Ogata, H. (2013). Seamless Learning: An international perspective on next generation technology enhanced learning. In Z. L. Berge & L. Y. Muilenburg (Eds.), Handbook of Mobile Learning (Chapter 9, pp. 95-108). New York, NY: Routledge.

(5)   Hwang, G. J. (2013). Mindtools for supporting mobile learning activities. In Z. L. Berge & L. Y. Muilenburg (Eds.), Handbook of Mobile Learning (Chapter 14, pp. 155-165). New York, NY: Routledge.

(6)   Kinshuk, Chen, N. S., Tsai, C. C., Hwang, G. J., Tan, Q. (2012). Educational Technology, in Quality of Human Resources: Education, (Eds.UNESCO-EOLSS Joint Commitee), Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems(EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford ,UK, Retrieved from http://www.eolss.net, (Retrieved February 1, 2013).

(7)   Kinshuk, Chen, N. S., Graf, S., Hwang, G. J. (2012). Adaptive Learning Systems. In Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning and Complexity, (Eds. UNESCO-EOLSS Joint Commitee), Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems(EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford ,UK, Retrieved from http://www.eolss.net, (Retrieved February 1, 2013).

(8)   Hwang, G. J. (2013). Paradigm shifts in e-learning: From web-based learning to context-aware ubiquitous learning. In R. Huang, Kinshuk, & J. M. Spector (Eds.), Reshaping Learning- Frontiers of Learning Technology in a Global Context (Chapter 11, pp. 253-272). Berlin, Germany: Springer.

 

Due to the outstanding results of my research and applications in educational technology, I was granted the MOST Outstanding Research Award in 2007, 2010, and 2013, and received the Award for Outstanding Performance in Technology from President Ma in November, 2015.

 

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Furthermore, I have been elected as one of top 40 leader researchers in the field of flipped learning by Flipped Learning Global Initiative (FLGI).